Keeping your garden soil healthy
Households in the UK throw away 7 million tonnes of food waste every year. When you add it up in terms of cost, you will find that the average family throws away about £700 of food annually. Instead of throwing out your food waste, use it to make organic fertiliser, which does not lead to toxic build-up like chemical fertiliser. Making your own organic fertiliser means you get to save more money for new plants and planting tools for managing your perfect garden.
Type of kitchen waste you need
Most kitchen waste ends up in landfill sites where it rots and produces methane, a gas that harms the environment. You can help protect the environment by keeping some of your kitchen waste away from the landfill sites. Waste like fruit peelings, coffee grounds, egg shells, over-ripened fruits, nuts and vegetables can be used for home composting. People are often surprised that something as simple as used coffee grounds benefit acid loving plants.
The ‘greens’ and the ‘browns’
The composting ingredients are divided into the ‘greens’ and ‘browns’. Green waste refers to plants or fruits or vegetables. Brown waste refers to things like egg shells, egg boxes, used kitchen paper and other organic materials that take long to rot. However, you should not add bones, bread, dairy products, dog food, olive oil and fatty meats to your compost. They are the main reason why some compost heaps develop a strong smell and retain too much moisture.
Making the compost
Add your food waste into your compost bin, which should be located outside in your backyard but in a sheltered place on a soil base. If the pile seems to have more ‘greens’, balance by adding more browns. Cut the brown waste as you add it to your compost so that it can break down easily.
Experts advise that as the composting process begins, spin the compost bin at least 2 times a day. Turn the compost at least once a week using a fork to provide it with oxygen. As time goes by, the compost achieves a soil-like mixture that is dark in colour. Once the compost stops giving off heat and becomes dry and crumbly, it is ready to apply to your garden.
Then add the compost to your lawn and garden plants and enjoy the transformation that your plants will experience in the days to come. The whole process of creating the compost pile, turning the pile and spinning the bin requires dedication and takes time. At the end of the day the organic fertiliser rebuilds your soil and makes it healthy for all your plants.